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The Board has four  livestock farms located at   Mattupatti,  Kulathupuzha, Dhoni  and Puthur. All the farms except Puthoor maintains breeding  bulls for frozen semen production. While the Mattupatti farm houses both the Sunandini and exotic bulls,  Dhoni and Kulathupuzha farms have only the Sunandini bulls. Dhoni also maintains the  Murrah buffalo bulls. Bull mothers are kept at Mattupatti and Dhoni.  Dhoni farm, in addition to the above also accommodates a quality control laboratory for frozen semen, central fodder seed store, seed testing laboratory, basic fodder seed production unit and the goat breeding centre.  The farm at Puthur maintains pigs. The training centres are located at Mattupatti, Dhoni and Puthur.

 

Mattupatti

IN BRIEF Year of establishment : 1963

Area (ha): 191

Functions/facilities:
Bull Station,
Bull Mother Farm,
Training Centre,
Embryo Technology Centre

Special features:
Houses Sunandini and exotic bulls,
Maintains breeding bulls for frozen semen production


It was at Mattupatti, that the Indo Swiss Project started functioning during the year 1963.  This station, by virtue of the pioneering work done in the field of crossbreeding and fodder development, has transformed itself into one of the most important destinations in the field of animal production in the country.  The quality and content of the training courses offered in the field of cattle breeding and allied activities have also contributed in a major way for the recognition that the station has acquired.  The bountiful nature and the serene landscape that the station has been blessed with, have further added to the popularity of this station.

Mattupatti is located at 1700 m. above MSL in the Western Ghats, 150 km. east of Kochi. The unit has an area of 191 ha., of which 113 ha. have been  developed into grazing lands or permanent leys.  Around 400 heads of cattle which include breeding bulls, cows and the growing stock are being maintained in the farm. The unit is controlled by the Manager (AH) under whom there are 3 sections; Animal Husbandry, Fodder and Semen Bank.  The training centre  with the  Manager (Trg) as its head is also functioning at Mattupatti.  Altogether 8 officers, 10 staff and 101 permanent workers were employed as on 31-03-2004. All the employees have been provided with living quarters.  Basic medical facilities are arranged through a dispensary attached to the farm. A cultural association and school bus provide the minimum social needs to the employees.

The training centre at Mattupatti organises practice-oriented courses for veterinarians, para veterinarians and technicians in the field of animal production.

Deep frozen bull semen was produced for the first time in the country (during 1965) at Mattupatti.  The processing and freezing techniques are periodically updated to match international standards.  The station has a capacity to produce about one million doses of frozen semen in a year.

The Bio-technology division at Mattupatti headed by the Deputy General Manager(BT) is responsible for the R&D activities of the Board and the technical co-ordination of frozen semen production.  A well-equipped embryo technology laboratory is also functioning under this division since 1996.  Embryo technology is mostly applied for bull production programmes of the Board.

 

Kulathupuzha


IN BRIEF Year of establishment: 1974

Area (ha): 38

Functions/facilities:
Bull Station
Regional Semen Bank
Frozen Semen Sales Depot

Special Features:
Maintains breeding bulls for frozen semen production
Houses Sunandini bulls and bull mothers


Kulathupuzha unit was established in 1974. It has a capacity to house 75 adult and 30 growing bulls. The station is situated in the Kollam district, 60 km north east of Thiruvananthapuram at 150 m above MSL in an area of 38 ha.   Kulathupuzha unit also accommodates a Regional Semen Bank distributing frozen semen and LN to the districts Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam. Five officers, 9 staff and 40 permanent workers headed by the Manager (AH), run the unit.  The unit has the infrastructure required for the annual production of about one million doses of frozen semen.   Apart from the bulls and the semen processing laboratory, the farm maintains a good nursery of garden plants, a live herbarium of tropical fodder grasses and legumes, a coconut garden and avenues flanked by mango, jack and cashew trees. A sale depot for frozen semen sale to agencies outside the state is also operating from this unit.

 

Dhoni


IN BRIEF Year of establishment: 1978

Area (ha) : 99

Functions/facilities:
Bull Station
Bull Mother Farm
Training Centre
Fodder Seed Farm
Seed Testing Unit
Quality Control Unit
Regional Semen Bank
Goat Breeding Centre

Special Features:
Maintains breeding bulls for frozen semen production
Houses Sunandini bulls
Murrah Buffalo bulls and bull mothers


Dhoni farm was started by the Dairy Development Department during 1972 as a bull station to keep pure Jersey bulls for the production of coconut milk extended semen (CME) intended for use in the northern districts of the State.  This farm got transferred to the Board during 1976. Thereafter, the farm underwent major changes in respect of its objectives, functions, divisions etc. Six officers, 10 staff and 75 permanent workers run the unit. The unit is headed by the Manager (AH).

Functions of Dhoni Farm


Bull Station Production of frozen semen
Bull Mother Farm Production of bull calves
Regional Semen Bank Distribution of frozen semen to the AI Centres in Palakkad, parts of Thrissur & Malappuram districts
Microbiology lab Quality control of frozen semen,investigation of diseases, arrangement of prophylactic vaccinations etc.
Goat Breeding Centre Production of selected Malabari and Boer goats for distribution among the farmers
Fodder seed farm Production of basic grass/legume seeds, R & D on fodder development/conduct of field trials on fodder varieties
Seed testing lab Quality control of fodder seeds
Central seed store Storage & dispatch of fodder seeds to various agencies & farmers
Training centre Imparting advanced & practical oriented training to professionals & technicians mostly in the field of fodder production.


Puthur


IN BRIEF Year of establishment: 1996

Area (ha) : 39

Functions/facilities:
Pig Breeding Centre
Training Centre

 

Ninety pigs were imported from United Kingdom during 1999.  Hybrid piglets are produced through crossbreeding of the three  exotic breeds namely Large white Yorkshire, Landrace and Duroc.  The resultant three breed combination is expected to yield the optimum results for the economic traits like feed conversion ratio, prolificacy, daily average weight gain, back fat thickness etc.

The centre also has a semen processing laboratory.  For the first time in India, AI technique is being put to use for breeding the animals in the farm.  The continued use of this technique is expected to assure the proper conduct of the breeding activities of the farm in accordance with the breeding programme envisaged.  Four officers, 6 staff and 15 permanent workers headed by the Deputy General Manager (AH) run the unit.

 

Herd Strength

Herd Strength - Cattle farms

All the farm units together, have a livestock strength of 3916 which includes 670 cattle, 11 buffaloes, 390 goats and 2845  pigs (position as on 31-03-2004).  The exotic bulls (JY & HF), selected from the best possible sources either by way of direct import or by the import of embryos are being maintained at the  Mattupatti farm wherein the climatic conditions suit them the most.

 

MALES

FEMALES

BREEDS

MTY

DHN

KPZ

ALL

MTY

DHN

KPZ

ALL

ADULT BULLS

COWS

JY

4

-

-

4

1

-

-

1

HF

2

-

-

2

3

-

-

3

CB

2

5

19

26

26

11

-

37

CJ

20

27

25

72

56

16

-

72

CH

20

24

16

60

20

11

-

31

BUF

-

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

Sub Total

48

59

60

167

106

38

-

144

BREEDS

BULLS UNDER TRAINING

BREEDABLE HEIFERS

HF

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CB

3

2

3

8

5

1

-

6

CJ

13

2

18

33

38

9

-

47

CH

5

2

7

14

15

4

-

19

BUF

-

8

-

8

-

-

-

-

Sub Total

21

14

28

63

58

14

-

72

BREEDS

GROWING STOCK

GROWING STOCK

HF

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CB

9

9

3

21

13

1

-

14

CJ

60

24

6

90

32

10

-

42

CH

19

16

3

38

24

6

-

30

BUF

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sub Total

88

49

12

149

69

17

-

86

G. Total

157

122

100

379

233

69

-

302


At the beginning of the programme, pure exotic stock  and zebu females were used for producing the crossbred animals. On development of a composite breed, the Sunandini  emphasis was  mainly on enhancing their performance through selective breeding.  However, with the expansion of the crossbreeding programme to the northern districts, the pure bred bulls, viz.  Jersey and Holstein were introduced into the farm units.  The inheritance from Brown Swiss breed is gradually disappearing from the nucleus herd due to replacement with animals having higher  inheritance from Jersey and Holstein Friesian breeds.

 

Infrastructure Development In The Growth Process Of KLDB

 

1963 Mattupatti farm
1966 Base Farm, Peermedu 1970 RSB Mavelikkara 1974 Kulathupuzha farm
1975 Training Centre, Mattupatti
1975 RSB Kulathupuzha 1976 Dhoni farm
1977 Cattle Breeding & Progeny Testing coordination center, Muvattupuzha
1979 Seed Production Unit Thodupuzha (now at Chakkupallom)
1981 RSB Muvattupuzha 1983 RSB Kannur
1983 Seed Farm, Dhoni 1984 Central Seed Store, and Seed Testing Lab., Dhoni
1985 RSB Puthuppady 1985 RSB Chalakudy
1989 Seed Production Unit Pattambi (now at Dhoni)
1991 ET Unit, Mattupatti 1992 RSB Dhoni
1992 Training Centre Dhoni
1992 Quality Control unit, Dhoni 1994 Goat Breeding Centre, Dhoni
1995 New HO Building, Trivandrum
1996 Pig Breeding Centre, Puthoor, Thrissur


Finance

The company was carrying out its activities on grant-in-aid received from Government of Kerala till 1990. Thereafter the company was allowed to function on commercial lines (Government support limited to developmental functions) and showed satisfactory results during most of the years.

Besides the commercial activities, the Board continued to implement the various plan and other schemes of central and state Governments.

Capital structure and financial position


The authorised capital of the Company as on 31-3-2004 was Rs.11 Crores and paid up capital of the Company as on that date is Rs.7,32,57,300/- divided into 732573 equity shares of 100 each fully paid up. The statutory audit of the company upto the year ended 31st March 2002 has been completed. The audit of accounts for the year 2002-03 is in progress.

Financial position of the company (Rs. In lakh)


2001-02 2002-03 2003-04

(Subject to

audit)

(Subject to

audit)

(Subject to

audit)

Liabilities :
a) Paid up capital (including advance towards share capital) 732.57 732.57 732.57
b) Reserve and surplus 1407.32 1477.40 1613.66
c) Borrowings - - -
d) Trade dues and current liabilities (including provisions) 907.77 778.17 745.15
TOTAL 3047.66 2988.14 3091.38
Assets:
a) Gross block 2208.75 2356.64 2402.53
b) Less depreciation 1030.00 1142.12 1171.46
c) Net fixed assets 1178.75 1214.52 1231.07
d) Livestock 74.27 73.99 151.25
e) Capital works in progress 32.56 43.49 69.43
f) Investments 60.00 60.00 60.00
g) Current assets, loans and advances 1521.33 1557.57 1502.26
h) Accumulated loss 18.75 38.57 77.37
TOTAL 3047.66 2988.14 3091.38
Capital employed 2159.80 2111.40 2208.87
Net worth 1959.14 2171.40 2268.88


Working results

The working results of the company for three years upto 2003-04 are as follows:


2001-02’ 2002-03’ 2003-04’

As per accounts
(+) 58.50 (+) 4.78 (-) 37.10
Prior period adjustment (+) 11.18 (+) 1.27
(-) 1.69
Profit / Loss for the year
(+) 47.32 (+) 3.51
(-) 38.79

Surplus (+) /Deficit (-)                                                                               * Subject to audit



Cost trend and production performance

 

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04
Sales 694.89 768.58 745.60
Profit before tax 47.32 7.53 (-) 37.09
Cost of sales 647.57 761.05 782.69
Percentage of Cost of sales to sales 93.19 99.02 104.97


Sale and cost of sale


2001-02 2002-03 2003-04
Sales 694.89 768.58 745.60
Profit before tax 47.32 7.53 (-) 37.09
Cost of sales 647.57 761.05 782.69
Percentage of Cost of sales to sales 93.19 99.02 104.


Value of production (Rs.in lakh)


2001-02 2002-03 2003-04
a) Sales 694.89 768.58 745.60

b) Closing stock of finished goods
154.18 385.37 434.06
c) Opening stock of finished goods 133.46 154.18 385.37
d) Value of production (a+b) c 715.61 999.77 794.29